Skip to main content

icar jrf syllabus -PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY


1.1: Plant Biochemistry/ Bio. Chem.
1.2: Plant Biotechnology & Molecular Biology/Biotechnology,
1.3: Plant /Crop Physiology

Importance of agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato, and mango. Major soils of India; role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. General structure and function of cell organelles; mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics. Elementary knowledge of growth, development, photosynthesis, respiration and transpiration; Elements of economic botany. General structure and function of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat, cotton, chickpea, sugarcane and their management. Organic farming; bio-fertilizers; bio-pesticides. Recombinant DNA technology; transgenic crops. Important rural development programmes in India; organizational set up of agricultural research, education and extension in India. Elements of statistics.
Importance of biochemistry in agriculture. Acid-base concept and buffers; pH.
Classification, structure and metabolic functions of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Structure and function of nucleic acids. Enzymes: structure, nomenclature, mechanism of action; vitamins and minerals as coenzymes and cofactors. Metabolic pathways: glycolysis, TCA cycle, fatty acid oxidation, triglyceride biosynthesis. Electron transport chain; ATP formation. Photosynthesis: C-3, C-4 and CAM pathways. Nitrate assimilation; biological nitrogen fixation. Colorimetric and chromatographic techniques
Characteristics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms; differences between fungi, bacteria, mycoplasms and viruses. Physical and chemical basis of heredity; chromosome structure. DNA replication, transcription and translation; genetic code; operon concept. Genetic engineering; restriction enzymes; vectors; gene cloning; gene transfer. Plant cell and tissue culture; micro-propagation; somaclonal variation. Transformation; recombination; Heterosis. General application of biotechnology. Molecular and immunological techniques. Concept of bioinformatics, genomics and proteomics.

Plant Physiology/ Crop Physiology:

Plant physiology– importance in agriculture. Seed germination, viability and vigour. Photosynthesis- significance of C-3, C-4 and CAM pathway; photorespiration and its implications. Translocation of assimilates; dry matter partitioning; Harvest index of crops. Growth and development; growth analysis; crop-water relationship. Plant nutrients and their functions. Phytohormones and their physiological role. Photo-periodism, vernalisation; pollination/ fertilization in flowering plants. Post-harvest physiology and its significance.


Popular posts from this blog

Tamil eligibility test sslc standard free mock test | 100 MCQ

TNPSC AO Free Mock Test Time left = tnpsc free online test in tamil medium, Tamil eligibility test sslc standard, tamil eligibility test sslc standard, tnpsc group 2 tamil eligibility test model question paper, free mock test for tnpsc group Q1 ) வேர்ச்சொல்லுக்குரிய வினையெச்சம் இடம்பெறாத இணையைத் தேர்ந்தெடுக்க. வா - வந்து காண் - கண்ட கொள் - கொண்டு நில் -நின்று Q2 ) வேர்ச்சொல்லைத் தேர்வு செய்க. வாழியர் வாழ் வாழி வா வாழிய Q3 ) ஒரு பொருள் தரும் பல சொற்கள் 'நெருப்பு' அனல், கனல் தணல், வெயில் தண்ணீர், தீ வெயில், குளிர் Q4 ) ஒலி மற்றும் பொருள் வேறுபாடறிந்து சரியான பொருளை கண்டறிக. அலை - அளை கூப்பிடு - தயிர் நத்தை - சேறு துன்பம் - சோறு கடல் - பாம்புப்புற்று Q5 ) விலை, விளை, விழை ப

Tnpsc AAO free mock test

TNPSC AO Free Mock Test Time left = IBPS AFO FREE QUIZ TNPSC AAO exam date 2023, tnpsc AAO syllabus, tnpsc AAO notification, tnpsc AAO, tnpsc AAO question paper, tnpsc AAO free mock test Q1 ) What is the minimum Digestible Crude Protein (DCP) and total Digestible Nutrients (TDN) in concentrates for milk production? 12% and 45% respectively 14% and 50% respectively 15% and 65% respectively 16% and 72% respectively Q2 ) Maximum number of cattle that can be housed in a single - row 10 20 30 40 Q3 ) Cross breed cows sexually mature by_______months of Age. 12 14 16 18 Q4 ) How much is the contrihution of livestock sector to the total value of output in agriculture?___(%) 10.4 19.7 25.6 31.2 Q5 ) The Vitamin helps for blo


IBPS AFO QUIZ FREE IBPS AFO FREE QUIZ The microbes play an important role in the catalytic complicated chemical reactions of Wine productions Fermentation All of the above Dairy product Which among the following contain only one type of nucleic acid? Virus All Dead virus Bacteria The plant virus was first isolated in crystalline form HIV Cyanophages Bacteriophages TMV The molecular scissors use3d to cut DNA into specific genes of interest are called Restriction endonucleases Polymerases Ligases Exonucleases The quickest way to produce homozygous breeding lines from heterozygous parents is through Half-seed technique doubled haploids Introgression Aneuploidy Bird flu is caused by Avian adenovirus Avian poxvirus Avian leucosis virus Avian influenza virus Stomata are regulated by N P K Ca Guttation is