Skip to main content




6.1: Agricultural Economics, 
6.2: Dairy Economics 
6.3: Agriculture Extension/Extension Education/ Communication 
6.4: Dairy Extension Education


Importance of Agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato and mango. Major soils of India, role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. Structure and function of cell organelles, mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics; elementary knowledge of photosynthesis; respiration, and transpiration; structure and functions of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat, cotton, chickpea, sugarcane and their management. Important rural development programmes in India; organisational set up of agricultural research, education and extension in India; Elements of statistics. Measures of central tendency and dispersion, regression and correlation; concept of probability, sampling techniques and tests of significance.


Theory of consumer behaviour, theory  of  demand,  elasticity  of  demand,  indifference  curve  analysis,  theory of firm, cost curves, theory of supply, price determination, market classification, concept of macroeconomics, money and banking, national income. Agricultural marketing—role, practice, institutions, problems and reforms, role of capital and credit in agriculture, crop insurance, credit institutions, cooperatives, capital formation in agriculture, agrarian reforms, globalization, WTO & its impact on Indian agriculture.


Basic principles of farm management, concept of farming system and economics of farming systems, agricultural production economics-scope and analysis, factor-product relationship, marginal cost and marginal revenue, farm planning and budgeting, Agricultural finance: nature and scope. Time value of money, Compounding and discounting. Agricultural credit: meaning, definition, need, classification. Credit analysis: 4R’s, 5C’s and 7 P’s of credit, repayment plans. History of financing agriculture in India. Commercial banks, nationalization of commercial banks. Lead bank scheme, regional rural banks, scale of finance. Higher financing agencies, RBI, NABARD, AFC, Asian Development Bank, World Bank, role of capital and credit in agriculture; credit institutions, co- operatives and agrarian reforms in India.


Extension Education- concept, meaning, principles, philosophy, scope and importance; Extension programme planning and evaluation- steps and principles, models of organizing agricultural extension; historical development of extension in USA, Japan and India. Rural development, meaning, importance and problems; Rural development programmes in India- Pre-independence era to recent ones; Extension teaching methods, definition and concept of sociology, differences between rural & urban communities, social stratification., social groups, social organization and social change. Rural leadership, educational psychology- learning and teaching, role of personality in agricultural extension Indian rural system- its characteristics; value system, cost and class; structure and customs; rural group organization and adult education.


Communication, principles, concepts, process, elements and barriers in teaching methods. Different kinds of communication methods and media and AV aids/materials. Media mix, Campaign, Cyber extension- internet, cybercafé, Kisan Call Centers, teleconferencing, agriculture journalism, diffusion and adoption of innovations- adopter categories, capacity building of extension personnel and farmers- training to farmers, women and rural youth.


Popular posts from this blog

Tamil eligibility test sslc standard free mock test | 100 MCQ

TNPSC AO Free Mock Test Time left = tnpsc free online test in tamil medium, Tamil eligibility test sslc standard, tamil eligibility test sslc standard, tnpsc group 2 tamil eligibility test model question paper, free mock test for tnpsc group Q1 ) வேர்ச்சொல்லுக்குரிய வினையெச்சம் இடம்பெறாத இணையைத் தேர்ந்தெடுக்க. வா - வந்து காண் - கண்ட கொள் - கொண்டு நில் -நின்று Q2 ) வேர்ச்சொல்லைத் தேர்வு செய்க. வாழியர் வாழ் வாழி வா வாழிய Q3 ) ஒரு பொருள் தரும் பல சொற்கள் 'நெருப்பு' அனல், கனல் தணல், வெயில் தண்ணீர், தீ வெயில், குளிர் Q4 ) ஒலி மற்றும் பொருள் வேறுபாடறிந்து சரியான பொருளை கண்டறிக. அலை - அளை கூப்பிடு - தயிர் நத்தை - சேறு துன்பம் - சோறு கடல் - பாம்புப்புற்று Q5 ) விலை, விளை, விழை ப

Tnpsc agricultural officer free mock test

TNPSC AO Free Mock Test Time left = IBPS AFO FREE QUIZ TNPSC AO exam date 2023, tnpsc ao syllabus, tnpsc ao notification, tnpsc ao, tnpsc ao question paper, tnpsc ao free mock test Pennisetum violaceum is a source for _____in Bajra Downy mildew resistance Ergot disease resistance Male sterility Stem borer resistance Which of the following method is not relevant to hybrid rice seed production? Three-line system Two-line system Using chemical emasculators Using Gynomonoecious lines Seedlings with weak (or) unbalanced development of essential structures are referred as Decayed seedlings Deformed seedlings Damaged seedlings Diseased seedlings Minimum germination limits prescribed for labelled seed of cotton is___(%) 80 65 75 60 Number of plants required for sample for maximum permissible off-types


IBPS AFO QUIZ FREE Time left = IBPS AFO FREE QUIZ Soybean is plant Long day Short day Intermediate day length Day neutral Which crop has the maximum yield potential in the world Wheat Chickpea Maize Rice Rice can survive in an aquatic environment It is tolerant to water It can transport O2 from the leaves to the roots It is aquatic plant All The inflorescence of sugarcane is Panicle Spike Cob Arrow When fertility gradient in one direction, the statistical design to be used CRD RBD SPD LSD Split application of fertilizers is useful under Sandy soil Loamy soil Clayey soil All The oil and protein content of groundnut are 45 & 26 % 20 & 50 % 35 & 45 % 52 & 20 The ICAR was esta